The cyclamen is a native plant of Europe and Asia (but there are also some few species originated from Africa) and it belongs to the family of Primulaceae and within 15 more species.
The flower was well known in the ancient Romans and Greeks cultures, and they were cultivating it in their gardens, but giving it other names. The current name comes from the Greek “Kuklos” meaning “circular” and probably refers to the shape of the bulb. The name of cyclamen which is its international label, however, is usually derived from the cyclamen persicum, of Eastern origin.
Among mostly of the winter flowers, cyclamen it is probably the most beloved, with its colorful blooms is a plant that use to happily paint some of our grey winter days.
Since is a winter flower you should beware of few important things:
- Do not put it into an hot environment,
- Do not put it into direct sunlight and
- And do not give him excessive watering.
Cyclamen can be placed outdoors, but always in a sheltered from frost and wind.
The most important secret is the temperature of the environment in which it is placed. During the growth phase of the flowers it should not be placed into an area which exceed 15 degrees. Another important precaution to keep in mind during the blooming is to quickly remove the leaves and wilted flowers, being aware to do not leave no “butts” that could fester and infect other parts of the plant. Therefore this sick part should be just removed until the healthy area.
During the fall and winter soil should be moist, but as we said in the beginning, watering too much our cyclamens could have negative effects on them. The best practice is to put the water in the saucer, under the vase, in this way the plant will absorb it by itself. As we said before, in our article on the best way to grow your rose, it is important not to wet the central part of the plant, otherwise the water can cause mold growth, rotting the bulb.
It so frequent that every cyclamen, once faded, we tend to throw it away when it actually takes just few tricks to make it bloom again for the following year. Here we can explain you how to make it really easily:
Once completely withered you will have to gradually reduce watering until the leaves turn completely yellow, so it is supposed to be more or less in June. In the summer you will not give to cyclamen any water, But you should just place it into a fresh area, and then in the autumn repot it again with new soil.
At this stage, you will expose your cyclamen to the light (but not in the sun) and you will recover with just some water it. In a really short time, the young leaves will start to appear around it and after a short time also flower will start again approximately around October / November.
Spring Time: In April, cyclamens are in decline, leaves tend to turn yellow and thin, and the buds is failing to open, but this is the peculiar process of this tiny and cute flower. To preserve it even during the spring, we should move them outdoors as soon as they finish the blooming. The area should have this peculiarities: fresh, light and not in the shade, but protected from the sun with a moist soil, which should remain like this in until the next autumn.
The aim is to keep the leaves alive for as long as possible. Remove the saucer, which is useful inside the home in order to avoid the losing of water from the bottom, but is unnecessary and dangerous in the outdoor.
Plants should be watered to the edge of the pot, not directly to the root or from the leaves. In order to evaluate the humidity of the soil we recommend to put the fingers inside of it to a depth of about 2 centimeters before wetting the soil. The jars should be wet just enough to help the tubers to dehydration summer.